According to the commander of the Strategic Rocket Forces, Russia conducted four missile launches in 2022 (all of them from Plesetsk) and plans to launch eight missiles in 2023. Some launches will be conducted from the Kapustin Yar test site.

Two of these four launches were conducted as part of strategic exercise - mobile Yars on 19 February 2022 and on 26 October 2022. One launch was the first flight test of the Sarmat ICBM on 20 April 2022.

There was no official announcement of the fourth launch. It is reported to be a test launch of a Sirena-M command missile, based on Yars ICBM, that was conducted in June 2022.

The original plan call for "more than ten launches" in 2022. This is generally in line with the past practice - the actual number of ICBM launches is about half of the projected.

The upcoming launches of ICBMs from Kapustin Yar may be somewhat significant. In these launches an ICBM is normally launched to the Sary-Shagan site in Kazakhstan. The array of radars deployed at Sary-Shagan by the Soviet Union helps collect all kinds of data related to warhead re-entry. The most recent test of this kind took place in November 2019 (there was another one shortly before that, in July 2019). One potential issue is that Kazakhstan is a state party to the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, which entered into force in January 2021. The treaty prohibits its parties from assisting anyone in any activity prohibited by the treaty. While ICBMs are not, of course, nuclear weapons, carrying nuclear warheads is their only mission (at least today). One can interpret TPNW provisions in different ways, but I would think that assisting someone in developing better ICBMs is not exactly consistent with the treaty obligations. It is, of course, something for states parties to decide.