On July 22, 2004 Russia successfully launched a Kosmos-3M rocket from the launch pad No. 1 of the launch complex No. 132 of the Plesetsk launch site. The launch was performed at 21:46:28 MSK (20:46:28 DMV, 17:46:28 UTC). The satellite reached its intended orbit at 22:49:30 MSK. It was designated Cosmos-2407 [FSA].

Cosmos-2407 is reported to be a new satellite of the Parus military navigation system. The last satellite of this type, Cosmos-2398 (27818/2003-023A), was launched about a year ago, in June 2003. Parus spacecraft are produced by the Reshetnev NPO of Applied Mechanics in Zheleznogorsk [NK].

Cosmos-2407 was given an international designation 2004-028A and the NORAD number 28380 (NORAD initially gave the spacecraft as Cosmos-2409 – see a note on designations). According to NORAD data, inclination of the initial orbit of Cosmos-2407 is 82.9 degrees, orbital period is about 105 minutes. Apogee of the orbit is about 1020 km, perigee - 970 km.