On 7 April 2022, at 14:20 MSK (11:20 UTC) crews of the Air and Space Forces conducted a successful launch of a Soyuz-2.1a launcher from the launch pad No. 4 of the launch complex No. 43 of the Plesetsk test site.

The satellite delivered into orbit was designated Cosmos-2554. It received international designation 2022-036A and registered by NORAD as object 52202.

Cosmos-2554 is believed to be a Lotos-S1 electronic reconnaissance satellite of the Liana system.

Previous Lotos-S1 satellite, Cosmos-2549, was launched in February 2021.