The Air and Space Defense Forces conducted a successful test of the new interceptor of the Moscow missile defense system at the Sary-Shagan test site. According to a VKS representative, "after a series of tests the interceptor fully confirmed technical characteristics of the interceptor." The test appears to have taken place on 28 October 2020.

Previous test was conducted in July 2019.

The Air and Space Forces conducted a successful launch of a Soyuz-2.1b rocket from the launch pad No. 4 of the launch complex No. 43 of the Plesetsk space launch site. The launch took place at 22:08:42 MSK (19:08:42 UTC) on 25 October 2020. The satellite that the rocket and its Fregat boost stage delivered into orbit is a Glonass-K navigation satellite. The satellite was designated Cosmos-2547. It received international designation 2020-075A and was registered by NORAD as object No. 46805.

Most recent Glonass launch took place in March 2020. Previous Glonass-K launch was in December 2014.

The U.S. State Department released aggregate New START numbers from the 1 September 2020 data exchange. Russia declared 1447 deployed warheads, 510 deployed launchers, and 764 total launchers. In March 2020 the numbers were 1326, 485, and 754 respectively.

The U.S. numbers in September 2020 were 1457 warheads, 675 deployed and 800 total launchers (1373, 655, and 800 in March 2020).

If the treaty is not extended, this will be the last regular data exchange between the parties. And it appears that inspections and BCC sessions, suspended be the COVID-19 pandemic in April 2020, have not resumed yet.

On July 16, 2020 Sevmash launched the Knyaz Oleg ballistic missile submarine of the Project 955A class. It is the fifth submarine in the Project 955 line and the second Project 955A ship.

Construction of the submarine began in July 2014. In 2016 it was expected that it would be ready for service in 2019. Today, it appears that Knyaz Oleg will join the navy in 2022-2023.

Knyaz Vladimir, the fourth submarine of the Project 955 family and the first submarine of the Project 955A class, was officially accepted for service on June 12, 2020. The ceremony took place at the Sevmash plant in Severodvinsk. The submarine was handed over to the navy by Sevmash on May 28, 2020.

On June 2, 2020 President of Russia signed a Decree No. 355 that approved "Main principles of the State policy on nuclear deterrence." It's an interesting document that will certainly be analyzed .

Here is an OCR'd copy of the decree and the policy.

Knyaz Vladimir, the fourth Borey-class submarine and the first ship of the Project 955A class, was officially handed over to the navy. It is expected to formally join the Northern Fleet in June 2020.

Construction of the submarine began in July 2012, although some work appears to have started as early as 2009. (see the detailed history of construction at the CAST blog).

According to defense industry sources quoted by TASS, the industry began construction of prototypes of the PAK DA strategic bomber. Construction of the first aircraft is expected to be completed in 2021.

The PAK DA project goes back to 2009, when Tupolev Design Bureau began R&D on the project. In 2011, the Long-Range Aviation drew its set of requirements for the new aircraft. The contract to develop the plane was signed with the Tupolev Design Bureau in 2014 (other sources suggest 2017). The current plan is to build three prototype aircraft and to complete the program of tests in 2023-2025.

On May 22, 2020 at 10:31 MSK (07:31 UTC), the Air and Space Forces successfully launched a Soyuz-2.1b launcher from the launch pad No. 4 of the launch complex No. 43 of the Plesetsk site. The satellite delivered to the orbit (by a Fregat booster) will join the space-based segment of the early-warning system.

The satellite was designated Cosmos-2546. Its international designation is 2020-031A.

The satellite is the fourth spacecraft of the new early-warning system, known as EKS or Kupol. The first satellite of the system, Cosmos-2510, was launched in November 2015. The second and third, Cosmos-2518 and Cosmos-2541, were launched in May 2017 and September 2019 respectively. Satellites are deployed on Molniya-type highly elliptical orbits and are said to be capable of detecting launches from all potential missile launch areas. The complete system is expected to include ten satellites on HEO and GEO orbits.

Nudol20200415.jpeg A few days ago Russia issued a NOTAM notice that suggested that it will conduct a test of the Nudol ASAT system on April 15, 2020. And indeed it did. The missile was launched from the Plesetsk test site.

U.S. Space Command issued a statement in which is said that it "is aware and tracking Russia's direct-ascent anti-satellite (DA-ASAT) missile test April 15."

Previous Nudol test appears to have taken place in November 2019.