The Strategic Rocket Forces carried out a successful test launch of a Topol/SS-25 missile on October 10, 2013. The missile was launched at 17:39 MSK (13:39 UTC) from Kapustin Yar to the Sary Shagan test site in Kazakhstan. According to a representative of the Rocket Forces, the test was used to confirm characteristics of the Topol missile, to test the systems of the Sary Shagan test site, and "to test new combat payload for intercontinental ballistic missiles."

Previous test launch of a Topol missile from Kapustin Yar to Sary Shagan took place in June 2012.

UPDATE 10/11/2013: As it turns out, the missile was seen from the International Space Station:

An immense gas cloud forms outside the atmosphere after disintegration

Here are a couple of stories: Slate, Universe Today.