Current status

In January 2014 Russia was estimated to have 489 strategic launchers and about 1700 nuclear warheads. In its September 2013 New START data exchange Russia reported 473 deployed launchers with 1400 New START-accountable nuclear warheads.

The Strategic Rocket Forces were estimated to have 311 operational missile systems that include missiles that can carry 1078 warheads. These include 52 R-36M2 (SS-18) missiles, 40 UR-100NUTTH (SS-19) missiles, 108 road-mobile Topol (SS-25) systems, 60 silo-based and 18 road-mobile Topol-M (SS-27) systems, and 33 RS-24 missiles.

The Russian strategic fleet includes 7 operational strategic missile submarines with SLBMs, whose missiles can carry 112 missiles with nuclear warheads. Five operational Project 667BDRM submarines are based in the Northern Fleet. These submarines carry 80 R-29RM (SS-N-23) launchers. The only remaining Pacific Fleet base hosts two 667BDR (Delta III) submarines, which carry 36 R-29R (SS-N-18) missiles. The Russian strategic aviation consists of 66 bombers that carry an estimated 200 long-range cruise missiles and bombs. The bombers are 11 Tu-160 (Blackjack) and 55 Tu-95MS (Bear H). The bombers can carry various modifications of the Kh-55 (AS-15) cruise missile and gravity bombs. As of November 2013, the space-based tier of the early warning system includes two operational satellites on highly elliptical orbits and one geostationary satellite. The constellation cannot maintain 24-hour coverage of the U.S. territory.